Types of Computer Architecture

Architecture is defined as the calling of planning structures, open regions, networks, and other structural developments and conditions, more often than not with some respect to stylish impact. Architecture Engineering frequently incorporates structure or choice of goods and enhancements, supervision of development work, and the examination, reclamation, or rebuilding of existing structures.

Computer Architecture:

Computer Architecture is a particular calculation how a lot of programming and equipment innovation models collaborate to shape a PC framework or stage. To put it plainly, computer architecture includes how a PC framework is structured and what advances it is perfect with. 

It includes with different settings and implications of the word engineering;ComputerArchitecture is often compared to the specialty of deciding the necessities of the client/framework/innovation and making a legitimate plan and gauges dependent on those prerequisites.

Types of Computer Architecture:

There are three types of computer architecture:

  • System design
  • Guidance Set Design
  • Microarchitecture
  • System Design: This incorporates with all equipment parts in the framework, including information processors beside the CPU, for example, the designs preparing unit and direct memory to get to. It additionally incorporates memory controllers, information ways and various things like multiprocessing and virtualization. 
  • Guidance Set Design (ISA): This is the implanted programming language of the focal preparing unit. It characterizes the CPU’s capacities and abilities dependent on what programming it would perform or process. This also incorporates the word measure, processor register types, memory tending to modes, information positions and the guidance set that developers use. 
  • Microarchitecture:  it is also called computer organization, this kind of engineering characterizes the information ways, information preparing and capacity components, just as how they ought to be executed in the ISA.


Design role:

The accurate type of a PC framework relies upon the limitations and objectives. PC structures for the most part exchange off models, control versus execution, cost, memory limit, inactivity (dormancy is the measure of time, it takes for data from one hub to head out to the source) and throughput. In some cases, different contemplations, for example, highlights, measure, weight, unwavering quality, and expandability are likewise factors.

Computer organization:

Computer organization helps optimize performance-based products. For example, software engineers need to know the processing power of processors. They may need to optimize software in order to gain the most performance for the lowest price. This can require quite detailed analysis of the computer’s organization. For example, in a SD card, the designers might need to arrange the card so that the most data can be processed in the fastest possible way.


When a guidance set, and miniaturized scale engineering are structured, a useful machine must be created. This plan procedure is known as the execution. Usage is typically not thought about structural plan, but instead equipment configuration designing.

Computer Architecture

Architecture is the process and the product strategy, design and constructs structures such as building etc. Architecture skills, in the material form of structures are normally perceived as traditional and cultural and as art work. Historical population is normally identified on the base of their good or bad surviving architecture success or achievement.

In computer science, computer architecture collection of rules, regulation and methods that explains the working, implementation and organization of computer system, some explanation of architecture explains it as describing abilities, capabilities and program models of a computer but normally not the particular implementation. In other explanation computer architecture contains collection of instruction set architecture designing, micro-architecture designing, logical designing and the implementation of these design.   

Sub Categories:  

Instruction Set Architecture:

The instruction set architecture (ISA) explains the machine code which is read by a processor and acts upon the word size as well memory address modes, data type and processor register. An instruction set of architecture is a communication interface between hardware and software of the computer and it can also be shown as view of the machine of program.

Micro Architecture:  

Micro architecture computer organization explains the way that how a particular processor implementation the ISA. The CPU cache size of a computer for example is a problem that normally has no relation with the (ISA) micro architecture helps to optimize the products that are performance based such as processor’s processing power and processing speed.

Logical Design:

Logical design contains every other hardware component within the computer system that contains:

  • Processing of data other than CPU for example: Direct memory access (DMA).
  • Other problems for example: software features, virtualization and multiprocessing.


There are other many types of computer architecture, but the types mentioned above are the major types and normally major companies and corporation use and follow them. The purpose to design the computer architecture is maximizing the performance and maintaining the low power and low cost.

Architecture Courses and Sub-Fields

Architecture fields includes various subfields which include the distinctive architecture courses. For instance, in most of the universities or institutes the following courses are taught at the level of Bachelor;

  • Bachelor’s in architecture (General)
  • Bachelor’s in Venue Design
  • Bachelor’s in Interior Architecture 
  • Bachelor’s in Science (Design, Architecture and Technology) 
  • Bachelor’s in Science (Architecture, Design & Planning) 
  • Bachelor’s in Science (Architecture & Civil Engineering)
  • Bachelor’s in Science (Landscape Architecture)
  • Bachelor’s in Science (Islamic Art & Architecture) etc.

In Bachelor’s in Science (BSc) or Bachelor’s in Arts, the universities or institutes keep their own distinctive curriculum, hence, follows some basic and mandatory key features. For instance, most of the university teach ‘structural engineering’ as a major part of BA or BSc program (bachelor’s degrees). Most of the university also teach ‘architectural history’ of the field. Moreover, building material studies and principles of environmental design are also taught in most of the universities at level of bachelors.

Additionally, some of the top universities of the world teach 3D designs; through which, the architecture would be able to lay out the possible final 3D outputs of the projects. To draw ‘design theory’, the architecture takes help from the computer and technology to get more attention from the clients of the field.    and building material studies.

Moreover, Various universities of the world offer master’s degrees in architecture studies. The following courses are taught at the level Master;

  • Master of Architecture in Urban Design
  • Master of Architecture Environmental Planning
  • Master of Architecture Architectural Conservation
  • Master of Architecture Landscape Architecture
  • Master of Architecture Industrial Design
  • Master of Architecture Regional Planning
  • Master of Architecture Transport Planning
  • Master of Architecture Building Engineering & Management
  • Master of Architecture Housing
  • Master of Architecture Town and Country Planning etc.

Hence, the main subjects of the Master of Architecture remain same in every master i.e. Construction methods, Architectural history and theory, Structural systems, Building designs etc.

Architecture Course and its Benefits

Architecture course makes itself different from other courses having the aspect of practicality in the field. If we compare it with other professions, in the field, the architect must work with his/her in the field. In comparison to other professions, architecture course involves a little reading or writing, yet, focusing on the hand-work primarily. In the university or institute, the practice is less focused, hence, the more practice is seen out of the university or the classroom. 

Different institutes and universities teach architecture differently i.e. a) a university may teach through research working on various distinctive modules, b) having a sandwich year focusing on practical implementations or c) encourages the students to attend open days or workshops. Although, the course is taught in a university, but the students or learners learn more when they go to the real world, so that, the features of this course are beneficial for the students when they go to field trips or spend a practical year abroad beyond the curriculum or a classroom.

The practical implications of this course make this course distinctive from other course through which the learners get more and more benefits having more interactions with the other people. In this field, the architecture must deal with the people who work in other fields of building construction.

The superior benefit of this course is socialization into the other fields. For instance, after laying out the models and design, at the next stage, the architecture must meet the labor contractors and masons to explain the layouts. Moreover, s/he meets the electrical engineers to discuss the electrical plan. Then s/he meets plumbers. Lastly but not the least, s/he meets painters and welders. Hence, an architecture seems more active and practical person in the field of building construction making more professional relationships than others.

Architecture Courses

  • Architecture; the word describes the several terms in distinctive contexts, for instance, in general, the physical structure of building is laid out at the level of it. Moreover, it is studied as a subject of science and arts, in which, the students study the courses of design and method of construction.
  • Studying architecture would give a student/person the idea about the construction of building in which s/he lives having an appreciation and an understanding of the structures of the contemporary buildings and their models. Hence, the understanding of the future design and models would be gathered for the practical implementations.   

Why study Architecture? 

  • Architecture study or an architecture course makes a student/learner an inventor. Moreover, the thoughts and designs of the Architecture or the inventor are being transformed into a real structure, yet on the other hand, an idea or a suggestion from a layman never get applied on practical level. 
  • In Architecture study, a students or a learner learns through a Architecture course which gives him or her an opportunity to utilize the abilities in a right way utilizing the brain in a right and creative way. Moreover, in practical implications, the learner or student shows his or her creativity through a lot of opportunities while designing structures. 
  • Architecture course or study gives opportunity to the learners to earn a high salary as it is considered a very high paying field. For instance, after a serious hard work passing a lengthy course, having excellent marks, the reputed firms hire the learner or an architecture pursuing and looking for fresh talent and new ideas.
  • After getting a certificate of an architecture course, the learner or the student employs it practically, for instance, s/he works with his hands to complete the real-time projects. Henceforth, the architecture course makes her/him a practical person beyond the reading or writing assignments of a projects in the classroom. The course provides the architecture a basic guideline which further s/he employs in field work i.e. making surveys, building scale models, or talking to people etc. 
  • Beyond the classroom setting, an architecture learns more and more through practical work practicing in the field, going out with his/her field workers and gaining inspiration from other people. Moreover, s/he learns field trips and meeting with other people in the field.